ABSITE Breast Oncology Review

On this episode of the SO files, Brad and Linda welcome Assistant Professor of Surgery at Washington University in St. Louis/ Siteman Cancer Center, and co-author of the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines for Breast Cancer, Dr. Amy Cyr . We will take you through both benign, pre-malignant, and malignant breast oncology, with a focus on ABSITE relevant information.

Background Reading

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Breast Cancer, Revised Nov. 2017

A high-yield, recently updated review of the standard of care guidelines for non-invasive and invasive breast cancer. Includes updated AJCC 7th edition TNM staging tables.

Sabistons Textbook of Surgery, Chapter 34: Disease of the Breast

Kelly K Hunt and Elizabeth A Mittendorf.

Great review of breast pathology, with an overview of all facets of breast cancer–with tables and text highlighting key practice changing articles.

Papers/Resources we Mention in the Episode

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Breast Cancer, Revised Nov. 2017

A high-yield, recently updated review of the standard of care guidelines for non-invasive and invasive breast cancer. Includes updated AJCC 7th edition TNM staging tables.

Breast Cancer Screening for Women at Average Risk: 2015 Guideline Update From the American Cancer Society

Kevin C. Oeffinger, Elizabeth T. H. Fontham, Ruth Etzioni, Abbe Herzig, James S. Michaelson, Ya-Chen Tina Shih, Louise C. Walter, Timothy R. Church, Christopher R. Flowers, Samuel J. LaMonte, Andrew M. D. Wolf, Carol DeSantis, Joannie Lortet-Tieulent, Kimberly Andrews, Deana Manassaram-Baptiste, Debbie Saslow, Robert A. Smith, Otis W. Brawley, Richard Wender.

ACS updated recommendations for breast cancer screening for average risk women. Recommendations: Annual screening from 45-54, 55+ biennial screening or have the opportunity to continue annual screening. Screening should continue as long as the women has good overall health, and a life expectancy of 10+ years.

Axillary dissection vs no axillary dissection in women with invasive breast cancer and sentinel node metastasis: a randomized clinical trial.

Giuliano AE, Hunt KK, Ballman KV, Beitsch PD, Whitworth PW, Blumencranz PW, Leitch AM, Saha S, McCall LM, Morrow M.

A practice changing article that established that for patients with clinical T1-2 N0 breast cancer with <3 SLN metastases found on SLN biopsy, there is no benefit of completion axillary lymph node dissection over no further surgical treatment of the axilla. This is high yield for the ABSITE, and a good thing to know for any medical student scrubbing in on a breast cancer operation during their surgical rotation.

Radiotherapy or surgery of the axilla after a positive sentinel node in breast cancer (EORTC 10981-22023 AMAROS): a randomised, multicentre, open-label, phase 3 non-inferiority trial.

Donker M, van Tienhoven G, Straver ME, Meijnen P, van de Velde CJ, Mansel RE, Cataliotti L, Westenberg AH, Klinkenbijl JH, Orzalesi L, Bouma WH, van der Mijle HC, Nieuwenhuijzen GA, Veltkamp SC, Slaets L, Duez NJ, de Graaf PW, van Dalen T, Marinelli A, Rijna H, Snoj M, Bundred NJ, Merkus JW, Belkacemi Y, Petignat P, Schinagl DA, Coens C, Messina CG, Bogaerts J, Rutgers EJ.

AMAROS Phase III Trial: For patients with clinical T1-2 N0 breast cancer and 1 or more positive SLNs identified during surgery, axillary radiotherapy results in statistically equivalent axillary recurrence at 5 years vs. completion axillary lymph node dissection (1.19% and 0.43%, respectively, at 5 years). No significant differences in disease free or overall survival. Of note, at 5 years significantly more patients in the completion axillary lymph node dissection group had ipsilateral arm lymphedema than the axillary radiotherapy group (23% vs. 11%, respectively, p<0.0001).

Gail Model to Predict Breast Cancer Risk.

A commonly used model to predict future breast cancer risk for patients with no history of invasive breast cancer, DCIS or LCIS. Patients with a 5 year risk of >1.7% are candidates for chemoprevention.